含有"History"标签的书籍, 共26条结果
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Daily Rituals How Artists Work

Mason Currey / Knopf / 2013-04-23 /
Franz Kafka, frustrated with his living quarters and day job, wrote in a letter to Felice Bauer in 1912, “time is short, my strength is limited, the office is a horror, the apartment is noisy, and if a pleasant, straightforward life is not possible then one must try to wriggle through by subtle maneuvers.”Kafka is one of 161 inspired—and inspiring—minds, among them, novelists, poets, playwrights, painters, philosophers, scientists, and mathematicians, who describe how they subtly maneuver the many (self-inflicted) obstacles and (self-imposed) daily rituals to get done the work they love to do, whether by waking early or staying up late; whether by self-medicating with doughnuts or bathing, drinking vast quantities of coffee, or taking long daily walks. Thomas Wolfe wrote standing up in the kitchen, the top of the refrigerator as his desk, dreamily fondling his “male configurations”. . . Jean-Paul Sartre chewed on Corydrane tablets (a mix of amphetamine and aspirin), ingesting ten times the recommended dose each day . . . Descartes liked to linger in bed, his mind wandering in sleep through woods, gardens, and enchanted palaces where he experienced “every pleasure imaginable.”Here are: Anthony Trollope, who demanded of himself that each morning he write three thousand words (250 words every fifteen minutes for three hours) before going off to his job at the postal service, which he kept for thirty-three years during the writing of more than two dozen books . . . Karl Marx . . . Woody Allen . . . Agatha Christie . . . George Balanchine, who did most of his work while ironing . . . Leo Tolstoy . . . Charles Dickens . . . Pablo Picasso . . . George Gershwin, who, said his brother Ira, worked for twelve hours a day from late morning to midnight, composing at the piano in pajamas, bathrobe, and slippers . . .Here also are the daily rituals of Charles Darwin, Andy Warhol, John Updike, Twyla Tharp, Benjamin Franklin, William Faulkner, Jane Austen, Anne Rice, and Igor Stravinsky (he was never able to compose unless he was sure no one could hear him and, when blocked, stood on his head to “clear the brain”).Brilliantly compiled and edited, and filled with detail and anecdote, Daily Rituals is irresistible, addictive, magically inspiring.

反思史学与史学反思

王明珂 / 上海人民出版社 / 2016-04-01 /
◆ 著名历史人类学家王明珂的重磅新作,是《华夏边缘》《羌在汉藏之间》《英雄祖先与弟兄民族》《游牧者的抉择》等著作的知识论基础。◆ 一部醒世之作:我们看到、听到、读到、想到、学到的东西,都是某种本相的表征,而对这些表征的错误解读,会让我们带有偏见,从而做出错误的判断。换 言之,是人(组织)就有偏见,没有理由过分自信。要找到解决现实问题的有效办法,就必须认识并尊重本相。◆ 一套极具操作性的分析方法:通过循序渐进、启发式的引导,帮助读者认识历史及现实的表相与本相。《反思史学与史学反思》是著名历史人类学家王明珂的新作,其内容是《华夏边缘》《羌在汉藏之间》《英雄祖先与弟兄民族》《游牧者的抉择》等著作的知识论基础。作者通过人类生态、本相/表相、认同/记忆、文本/情境等概念,提出一种由表相(文本、图像、电影、社会事件等等)认识社会现实本相的分析法。这是一种结合多种社会科学的历史学研究,作者称之为 “反思史学”。同时也是作者作为历史学家对史学的反思。作者希望读者/研究者能因此练就如孙悟空的火眼金睛,能看透被典范知识蒙敝的真实世界及其历史变化过程,对外在世界有真实体认,以及反思与反应。

大宋王朝(全四册)

王新龙 / 中国戏剧出版社 / 2009-08-15 /
《大宋王朝(套装共4册)》内容简介:大宋王朝,武运国势萎弱不振,但经济繁荣,文化昌盛,政治军事与经济文化形成极其鲜明的对照,貌似不和谐地并存于一体,从而引出历代读史者迥然不同的评价,褒贬毁誉,在在有之。千年前的宋朝已成历史,然而宋朝的名人贤哲、才子墨客、市井生活、工艺珍玩,却依然鲜明的留存于今天中国人的文化记忆中。宋朝是中国历史上经济、文化相当繁荣的朝代。然而两宋政权却在北方民族的攻掠下,渐次衰亡。个中原因相当复杂,历代学者众说纷纭,民间传说和小说、戏曲也颇多宋人故事。本丛书立足大宋,介绍了五代战乱的终结、中央集权的强化、右文抑武的家法、首内虚外的战略、穷则思变的改革以及皇帝的荒唐、官僚的争斗等重大事件或现象;同时,从经济、文化、科技等不同的层面重新审视两宋,试图全方位地向读者展示大宋历史的始末。《大宋王朝(套装共4册)》包括:《大宋王朝(1)》、《大宋王朝(2)》、《大宋王朝(3)》和《大宋王朝(4)》。

大明王朝(全四册)

王新龙 / 中国戏剧出版社 / 2009-08-15 /
《大明王朝(套装共4册)》内容简介:一个放过牛,当过和尚的人建立了这个王朝。明朝,取《易经》中“大明始终”之意,朱元璋,是一个伟大的人物,他干脆利落地灭了元朝,开创了一个新的时代,然而,他的王朝又要马上过去,化作历史的烟尘。这是中国式的王朝兴替,佛家叫轮回,经济学家叫周期,而历史学家,干脆就把它称之为历史周期律。 蒙元的统治日益残暴黑暗,到元顺帝(元惠宗)时期,暴发了韩山童、刘福通、徐寿辉等领导的红巾军起义。朱元璋参加了红巾军,他南征北战。1364年,朱元璋自称为吴王,史称西吴政权。1368年,朱元璋称帝,以应天府(南京)为京师,国号大明,年号洪武,建立了明朝,朱元璋就是明太祖。不久他又命徐达、常遇春等大将北伐蒙元,攻占大都(北京),元顺帝北逃,元朝在中国历经98年的统治宣告结束。中国进入明代统治,明朝共有二十位皇帝(包括南明四帝),明朝的领土除囊括清朝时期所谓内地十八省之范围,还包括今天的东北地区、新疆东部、西藏、缅甸北部、西伯利亚东部和越南北部等地,并首次将今天的南沙,台湾正式纳入我国版图,并曾在东南亚的安南,旧港等地设有羁縻管理机构,势力远及印度洋和中亚。最强盛时,影响力更是波及非洲东岸和整个亚洲。 《大明王朝(套装共4册)》包括:《大明王朝(1)》、《大明王朝(2)》、《大明王朝(3)》和《大明王朝(4)》。

大汉王朝(全四册)

王新龙 / 中国戏剧出版社 / 2009-08-15 /
《大汉王朝(套装共4册)》内容简介:在中国历代的大一统王朝中,汉朝历时最久。从公元前202年刘邦登基,到公元220年汉献帝被废,除去王莽的短暂篡权,大汉王朝统治中国达四百余年,是中国历史上一统江山时间最久的王朝。《大汉王朝(套装共4册)》总结了大汉王朝刘氏家族成功的经验、失败的教训、治世的良策、祸乱的渊薮,再现大汉王朝家族的立体全景和大汉王朝的时代风貌。 大汉王朝是一个充满了光荣与寂寥,童话般华丽的封建王朝,对于今天的中国人,这个伟大的帝国投下的背影与梦想仍值得我们去追忆与品位。“国恒以弱灭,而汉独以强亡!”是什么让血管里流淌着血性与勇武的刘氏家族构建起的汉帝国轰然崩塌? 在汉朝四百多年的历史进程中先后有二十多位皇帝登上了历史的舞台,外戚争权也始终伴随左右:诸吕之乱、霍光揽权、王莽代汉、窦氏欺主……在刘氏家族与外戚家族的争斗中,宦官逐渐登上了舞台,于是汉亡了。 《大汉王朝(套装共4册)》包括:《大汉王朝(1)》、《大汉王朝(2)》、《大汉王朝(3)》和《大汉王朝(4)》。

American Sniper: The Autobiography of the Most Lethal Sniper in U.S. Military History

Chris Kyle / HarperCollins / 2012-01-03 /
Review“Eloquent ... An aggressively written account of frontline combat, with plenty of action.” (KIRKUS REVIEWS )“Reads like a first-person thriller narrated by a sniper. The bare-bones facts are stunning. .... A first-rate military memoir.” (BOOKLIST )“American Sniper is the inside story of what it’s like to be in war. A brave warrior and patriot, Chris Kyle writes frankly about the missions, personal challenges, and hard choices that are part of daily life of an elite SEAL Sniper. It’s a classic!” (RICHARD MARCINKO (USN, Ret.), First Commanding Officer of SEAL Team Six and #1 bestselling author of Rogue Warrior )“In the community of elite warriors, one man has risen above our ranks and distinguished himself as unique. Chris Kyle is that man. A master sniper, Chris has done and seen things that will be talked about for generations to come.” (MARCUS LUTTRELL, former USN SEAL, recipient of the Navy Cross for extraordinary heroism under fire, #1 bestselling author of Lone Survivor )“The raw and unforgettable narrative of the making of our country’s record-holding sniper, Chris Kyle’s memoir is a powerful book, both in terms of combat action and human drama. Chief Kyle is a true American warrior down to the bone, the Carlos Hathcock of a new generation.” (CHARLES W. SASSER, Green Beret (US Army Ret.) and author of One Shot, One Kill ) About the AuthorSEAL Team 3 Chief Chris Kyle served four combat tours in Operation Iraqi Freedom and elsewhere. For his bravery in battle, he was awarded two Silver Stars, five Bronze Stars with Valor, two Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medals, and one Navy and Marine Corps Commendation. Additionally, he received the Grateful Nation Award, given by the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs. Following his combat deployments, he became chief instructor for training Naval Special Warfare Sniper and Counter-Sniper teams, and he authored the Naval Special Warfare Sniper Doctrine, the first Navy SEAL sniper manual. Today, he is president of Craft International (www.craftintl.com), a world-class leader in training and security. He lives with his family in Texas, where he devotes much of his spare time to helping disabled veterans.

Alexander Hamilton

Ron Chernow / Penguin / 2004-01-02 /
In the first full-length biography of Alexander Hamilton in decades, National Book Award winner Ron Chernow tells the riveting story of a man who overcame all odds to shape, inspire, and scandalize the newborn America. According to historian Joseph Ellis, Alexander Hamilton is “a robust full-length portrait, in my view the best ever written, of the most brilliant, charismatic and dangerous founder of them all.”Few figures in American history have been more hotly debated or more grossly misunderstood than Alexander Hamilton. Chernow’s biography gives Hamilton his due and sets the record straight, deftly illustrating that the political and economic greatness of today’s America is the result of Hamilton’s countless sacrifices to champion ideas that were often wildly disputed during his time. “To repudiate his legacy,” Chernow writes, “is, in many ways, to repudiate the modern world.” Chernow here recounts Hamilton’s turbulent life: an illegitimate, largely self-taught orphan from the Caribbean, he came out of nowhere to take America by storm, rising to become George Washington’s aide-de-camp in the Continental Army, coauthoring The Federalist Papers, founding the Bank of New York, leading the Federalist Party, and becoming the first Treasury Secretary of the United States.Historians have long told the story of America’s birth as the triumph of Jefferson’s democratic ideals over the aristocratic intentions of Hamilton. Chernow presents an entirely different man, whose legendary ambitions were motivated not merely by self-interest but by passionate patriotism and a stubborn will to build the foundations of American prosperity and power. His is a Hamilton far more human than we’ve encountered before—from his shame about his birth to his fiery aspirations, from his intimate relationships with childhood friends to his titanic feuds with Jefferson, Madison, Adams, Monroe, and Burr, and from his highly public affair with Maria Reynolds to his loving marriage to his loyal wife Eliza. And never before has there been a more vivid account of Hamilton’s famous and mysterious death in a duel with Aaron Burr in July of 1804.Chernow’s biography is not just a portrait of Hamilton, but the story of America’s birth seen through its most central figure. At a critical time to look back to our roots, Alexander Hamilton will remind readers of the purpose of our institutions and our heritage as Americans.Amazon.com ReviewBuilding on biographies by Richard Brookhiser and Willard Sterne Randall, Ron Chernow’s Alexander Hamilton provides what may be the most comprehensive modern examination of the often overlooked Founding Father. From the start, Chernow argues that Hamilton’s premature death at age 49 left his record to be reinterpreted and even re-written by his more long-lived enemies, among them: Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and James Monroe. Hamilton’s achievements as first Secretary of the Treasury, co-author of The Federalist Papers, and member of the Constitutional Convention were clouded after his death by strident claims that he was an arrogant, self-serving monarchist. Chernow delves into the almost 22,000 pages of letters, manuscripts, and articles that make up Hamilton’s legacy to reveal a man with a sophisticated intellect, a romantic spirit, and a late-blooming religiosity.One fault of the book, is that Chernow is so convinced of Hamilton’s excellence that his narrative sometimes becomes hagiographic. Nowhere is this more apparent than in Chernow’s account of the infamous duel between Hamilton and Aaron Burr in 1804. He describes Hamilton’s final hours as pious, while Burr, Jefferson, and Adams achieve an almost cartoonish villainy at the news of Hamilton’s passing. A defender of the union against New England secession and an opponent of slavery, Hamilton has a special appeal to modern sensibilities. Chernow argues that in contrast to Jefferson and Washington’s now outmoded agrarian idealism, Hamilton was "the prophet of the capitalist revolution" and the true forebear of modern America. In his Prologue, he writes: "In all probability, Alexander Hamilton is the foremost figure in American history who never attained the presidency, yet he probably had a much deeper and more lasting impact than many who did." With Alexander Hamilton, this impact can now be more widely appreciated. --Patrick O'KelleyFrom Publishers WeeklyAfter hulking works on J.P. Morgan, the Warburgs and John D. Rockefeller, what other grandee of American finance was left for Chernow's overflowing pen than the one who puts the others in the shade? Alexander Hamilton (1755–1804) created public finance in the United States. In fact, it's arguable that without Hamilton's political and financial strategic brilliance, the United States might not have survived beyond its early years. Chernow's achievement is to give us a biography commensurate with Hamilton's character, as well as the full, complex context of his unflaggingly active life. Possessing the most powerful (though not the most profound) intelligence of his gifted contemporaries, Hamilton rose from Caribbean bastardy through military service in Washington's circle to historic importance at an early age and then, in a new era of partisan politics, gradually lost his political bearings. Chernow makes fresh contributions to Hamiltoniana: no one has discovered so much about Hamilton's illegitimate origins and harrowed youth; few have been so taken by Hamilton's long-suffering, loving wife, Eliza. Yet it's hard not to cringe at some of Hamilton's hotheaded words and behavior, especially sacrificing the well-being of his family on the altar of misplaced honor. This is a fine work that captures Hamilton's life with judiciousness and verve. Illus. Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

The Last Lion Box Set: Winston Spencer Churchill, 1874 - 1965

William Manchester, Paul Reid / Hachette Digital, Inc. / 2012-11-20 /
RetailThis boxed set includes:Vol 1 Visions of Glory, 1874 - 1932Vol 2 Alone, 1932-1940Vol 3 Defender of the Realm, 1940-1965Spanning the years of 1940-1965, THE LAST LION picks up shortly after Winston Churchill became Prime Minister-when his tiny island nation stood alone against the overwhelming might of Nazi Germany. The Churchill conjured up by William Manchester and Paul Reid is a man of indomitable courage, lightning fast intellect, and an irresistible will to action. THE LAST LION brilliantly recounts how Churchill organized his nation's military response and defense; compelled FDR into supporting America's beleaguered cousins, and personified the "never surrender" ethos that helped the Allies win the war, while at the same time adapting himself and his country to the inevitable shift of world power from the British Empire to the United States. More than twenty years in the making, THE LAST LION presents a revelatory and unparalleled portrait of this brilliant, flawed, and dynamic leader. This is popular history at its most stirring.

柳如是别传

陈寅恪 / None / 1963-01-01 /
“惟此独立之精神,自由之思想,历千万祀,与天壤而同久,共三光而永光。” 陈寅恪老师目盲足膑,在衰暮残年,花上百万言,为一个风尘女子立传,究竟是何用意? 陈寅恪(1890-1969),江西修水人。早年留学日本及欧美,先后就读于德国柏林大学、瑞士苏黎世大学、法国巴黎高等政治学校和美国哈佛大学。一九二五年受聘清华学校研究院导师,回国任教。后任清华大学中文、历史系合聘教授,兼任中央研究院理事、历史语言研究所研究员、第一组主任及故宫博物院理事等,其后当选为中央研究院院士。一九三七年“芦沟桥事变”后带全家离北平南行,先后任教于西南联合大学、香港大学、广西大学和燕京大学。一九三九年被选为英国皇家学会通讯院士。一九四二年后为教育部聘任教授。一九四六年回清华大学任教。一九四八年南迁广州,任岭南大学教授,一九五二年后为中山大学教授。一九五五年后并为中国科学院哲学社会科学学部委员。 本书是陈先生最后一部作品。

美国学生人类史(套装上下册)

亨德里克·威廉·房龙 / 天津人民出版社 / 2013-03-01 /
《美国学生人类史(英汉双语版)(套装上下册)》内容简介:呈现于读者面前的这部《美国学生人类史》,亦名《人类的故事》,是荷兰裔美籍记者、教授兼作家房龙的经典著作,书中插图亦出自作者之手。《美国学生人类史》英文原版问世于1921年,1922年获得首届纽伯瑞儿童文学奖。1923年,著名教育出版公司麦克米伦公司出版《美国学生人类史》学生版,推荐给学校作为教材使用。1957年,据其改编的电影上市。1925年,沈性仁女士将《美国学生人类史》翻译介绍到中国,由商务印书馆出版,在国内掀起一阵房龙热。 《美国学生人类史》最初是房龙写给两位孙子的历史故事集。书中内容均按短篇章节而写,叙述西方文明是如何从原始人类发源,并进一步讲述书写文字、艺术、建筑以及主要的信仰,直至近代民族国家的兴起等。遗憾的是,房龙的这部经典儿童文学作品,在中国一直与他后来写作的《宽容》、《圣经的故事》等被当作成人阅读的人文经典。这种出版导向,使得《美国学生人类史》错失了很多青少年读者。在出版美国另一位作者维吉尔•希利尔的一套文史经典(《美国学生世界历史》、《美国学生世界地理》、《美国学生艺术史》)之后,我们决定将房龙的这部书并入希利尔校长的文史系列。并将此英汉双语版定名为《美国学生人类史》,以期引吸更多学生读者阅读此书,了解人类历史知识、同步提升英文阅读水平。 The Story of Mankind was written and illustrated by American journalist, professor, and author Hendrik Willem van Loon and published in 1921. In 1922, it was the first book to be awarded the Newbery Medal for an outstanding contribution to children's literature. Written for his grandchildren, The Story of Mankind tells in brief chapters the history of Western civilization beginning with primitive man, covering the development of writing, art, and architecture, the rise of major religions, and the formation of the modern (for 1921) nation-state. Van Loon explains in the book how he selected what and what not to include by subjecting all materials to the question: Did the person or event in question perform an act without which the entire history of civilization would have been different? This genuinely enjoyable charmer, for history buffs and the historically challenged alike, covers human history from prehistoric times, when our earliest ancestors were learning to communicate with grunts, right through to the issues of the latter 20th century. Van Loon's inviting classic is filled with stories that bring history alive. His pen-and-ink illustrations, maps, and animated chronology contribute to the cozy, round the fireplace aspect of the book.

The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich

William L. Shirer / Simon & Schuster / 1990-11-15 /
Orville PrescottThe New York TimesOne of the most important works of history of our time.^Hugh Trevor-RoperThe New York Times Book ReviewA splendid work of scholarship, objective in method, sound in judgment, inescapable in its conclusions.^Theodore H. WhiteA monumental work, a grisly and thrilling story.^John GuntherOne of the most spectacular stories ever told.

世界历史年表

李亚凡 / 中华书局 / 2014-03-01 /
《世界历史年表》以时间为坐标,以不同颜色的图标代表五大洲,将中国历史和世界其他国家和地区历史发展中的重大历史事件,尽可能详细地展示于一表之中,既描述世界历史发展的脉络,又方便读者进行横向的比较。可谓:一册在手,纵览天下、古今大事。编辑本表之宗旨,在于描述世界历史发展的脉络,并将中国历史置于世界历史发展的长河中,尽可能详尽地表述世界不同区域在同一历史时期的文明情况,以方便作横向比较。

大秦国全录

夏德 / 大象出版社 / 2009-01-01 /
《大秦国全录》讲述了:德人夏德于1885年所著《大秦国全录》或称《中国与罗马东部》一书是中西交通史的名著。他以我们习见的中国史料,来考证古代大秦与我国的关系,且指出大秦即罗马东部,亦即包括叙利亚、埃及和小亚细亚,且以叙利亚为首。这本书发表后,在汉学界中引起热烈的争论,除西方汉学家外,日本学者如已故的白乌库吉、藤田丰八及当代的宫崎市定教授都有论文各抒己见。

历史是什么

E.H.卡尔 / 商务印书馆 / 2011-07-01 /
本书是卡尔的一部史学理论著作,提出了后来争论激烈的历史是什么的命题,是部有价值的史学理论著作。

Marco Polo

Michael Yamashita / White Star / 2004-11-20 /
This volume brings to life Marco Polo's 13th-century legendary expedition from Italy to China and his homeward sea journey via Sumatra and India. During a three-year assignment for National Geographic Michael Yamashita, one of the most famous and brilliant travel photographers, has followed in Marco Polo's footsteps capturing spectacular images throughout two continents, from Venice to the famous Marco Polo Bridge near Beijing. This beautifully illustrated book is a sort of visual journey that, thanks to the evocative texts by the historian Gianni Guadalupi and a selection of maps, recreates the incredible experiences of Marco Polo, who crossed the deserts of Asia and ventured into distant Cathay.

The Ominous Parallels

Leonard Peikoff / Plume / 1983-06-01 /
Ayn Rand chose Leonard Peikoff to be her successor as the spokesman for Objectivism. And in this brilliantly reasoned, thought-provoking work we learn why, as he demonstrates how far America has been detoured from its original path and led down the same road that Germany followed to Nazism. Self-sacrifice, Oriental mysticism, racial ?truth,? the public good, doing one?s duty--these are among the seductive catch-phrases that Leonard Peikoff dissects, examining the kind of philosophy they symbolize, the type of thinking that lured Germany to its doom and that he says is now prevalent in the United States. Here is a frightening look at where America may be heading, a clarion call for all who are concerned about preserving our right to individual freedom.

闷与狂

王蒙 / 北京联合出版公司 / 2014-06-01 /
在故乡的泥土上用童话栽花。 用时间复现一条嘈嘈切切的生命河流。 在这里,时间是主宰。消解来龙去脉,隐去其人其事。将回忆品尝与消化,铺陈与重组,连接起一部沧桑的交响。 恰如饮后放歌,以抒情,以佯狂,以浓度最高的文字燃烧起鲜艳的往事。生命的激情迸发之后,是全部人生的许诺与交付。

Perilous Fight

Stephen Budiansky / Knopf / 2011-01-18 /
In Perilous Fight, Stephen Budiansky tells the rousing story of the underdog coterie of American seamen and their visionary secretary of the navy, who combined bravery and strategic innovation to hold off the legendary Royal Navy. Budiansky vividly demonstrates that far from an indecisive and unnecessary conflict—as historians have long dismissed the War of 1812—this “forgotten war” had profound consequences that would change the course of naval warfare, America’s place in the world, and the rules of international conflict forever. Never again would the great powers challenge the young republic’s sovereignty in the aftermath of the stunning performance of America’s navy and privateersmen in sea battles that ranged across half the globe. Their brilliant hit-and-run tactics against a far mightier foe would pioneer concepts of “asymmetric warfare” that would characterize the insurgency warfare of later centuries. Above all, the War of 1812 would be the making of the United States Navy. Even as the war began, the nation was bitterly divided over whether it should have a navy at all: Jeffersonian Republicans denounced the idea as a dangerous expansion of government power, while Federalists insisted that America could never protect its burgeoning seagoing commerce or command respect without a strong naval force. After the war, Americans would never again doubt that their might, respect, and very survival depended upon a permanent and professional navy. Drawing extensively on diaries, letters, and personal accounts from both sides, Budiansky re-creates the riveting encounters at sea in bloody clashes of cannonfire and swordplay; the intimate hopes and fears of vainglorious captains and young seamen in search of adventure; and the behind-the-scenes political intrigue and maneuvering in Washington and London. Throughout, Perilous Fight proves itself a gripping and essential work of American naval history.